ASSESSMENT OF THE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION POST-BASIC (STEP-B) PROJECT IN FEDERAL UNITY COLLEGES IN SOUTH-SOUTH, NIGERIA

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ASSESSMENT OF THE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION POST-BASIC (STEP-B) PROJECT IN FEDERAL UNITY COLLEGES IN SOUTH-SOUTH, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

This study assessed the management of the outcomes of STEP-B project, to ascertain the extent to which the project is achieving its objectives and the necessary management factors put in place to ensure the sustainability of the STEP-B activities in the area. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and it was conducted in the south-south area of Nigeria. The population of the study was 10,864 comprising: 17 principals, 102 project team members, 290 S&T teachers and the 10,455 S&T students enrolled for external examination from 2008-2013 in the 17 federal unity colleges (FUCs) in the area. There was no sampling as the entire population of 10,864 was used for the study. Six research questions and four null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Three instruments used for data collection were: a 35-item questionnaire titled Assessment of the Management and Sustainability of STEP-B project questionnaire (AMSSBPQ), an interview guide, and Record verification. The instruments were validated and trial tested to determine their reliability coefficient which was 0.85. Data for the study were collected by direct delivery method. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer four research questions while frequency and percentage were used for two. A One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to test the four hypotheses at 0.05 probability level. The findings were presented in Tables and Bar charts. It was found that: the STEP-B project built the S&T teachers’ capacity for quality enhancement and innovation in S&T education to a high extent; the facilities procured by STEP-B project are being utilized and maintained to a high extent. The STEP-B activities are being sustained to a high extent. The S&T students’ academic performance improved and enrolment increased. There was no significant difference (p > 0.05) among the mean responses of the project team members and the S&T teachers in the FUCs on the extent the teachers’ capacity was built and the extent the facilities are being utilised. There was significant difference (p < 0.05) on the extent the facilities (including equipment) are being maintained by the federal unity college, and the extent STEP-B activities are being sustained by the FUC authorities in south-south Nigeria. This study has shown that the project was completed and is being sustained; it is also achieving its objective in the FUCs. Therefore, the fears that followed the completion of the project were based on misinterpretation of the management of the project. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that the college authorities should make budgets for the continuous sustenance of the STEP-B activities and the FGN should provide the funds; they should continue to train, retrain and motivate the S&T teachers, and also continue to maintain and build on the existing facilities.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CERTIFICATION                                                                                                              iiTITLE PAGE                                                                                                                      i

APPROVAL PAGE                                                                                                                        iii

DEDICATION                                                                                                                    iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                                                                            v

ABSTRACT                                                                                                                                    vi

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                                                    vii

LIST OF TABLES                                                                                                              x

LIST OF FIGURES                                                                                                                        xi

CHAPTER ONE:  INTRODUCTION                                                                            1

Background of the Study                                                                                                    1

Statement of the Problem                                                                                                    10

Purpose of the Study                                                                                                           11

Significance of the Study                                                                                                    12

Scope of the Study                                                                                                              14

Research Questions                                                                                                              14

Hypotheses                                                                                                                          15

CHAPTER TWO:   REVIEW OF LITRATURE                                                         17

Conceptual Framework                                                                                                    18

Concept of Science and Technology Education Post Basic                                                            18

Concept of Project                                                                                                               20

Description of STEP-B Project                                                                                            21

Concept of Federal Unity Colleges                                                                                     30

Concept of Assessment                                                                                                       31

Concept of Management                                                                                                     34

The Scope of STEP-B Project Management                                                                        42

– Teachers’ Capacity Building and Motivation                                                           42

– Motivation of Teachers                                                                                             44

– Utilisation and Maintenance of facilities                                                                  45

– Quality enhancement and innovation in S&T education                                          49

Concept of Sustainability                                                                                                    52         – Students’ Academic Performance and enrolment in S&T Subjects                         50

Schematic Representation of Assessment of the Management and Sustainability

of STEP-B Project                                                                                                              54

Theoretical Framework                                                                                                     56

Theories of Management                                                                                                   56

–    System theory of management                                                                                      56

–     Assessment theory and Models                                                                                     59

–   Targeting Outcomes of Programmes (TOP) evaluation Model                                      61

Empirical Studies                                                                                                               64

–    Studies on Project Assessment                                                                                      64

–    Studies on School Project Management                                                                        67

–     Studies on Project Sustainability                                                                                   79

–    Studies on STEP- B Project                                                                                           80

Summary of the Literature Review                                                                                  82

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD                                                              87

Design of the Study                                                                                                             87

Area of the Study                                                                                                                88

Population of the study                                                                                                       89

Sample and Sampling Technique                                                                                         90

Instruments for Data Collection                                                                                          90

Validation of the Instrument                                                                                               92

Reliability of the Instruments                                                                                              93

Method of Data Collection                                                                                                  93

Method of Data Analysis                                                                                                    94

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS                                                                                        96

Results                                                                                                                                 96

Summary of Findings                                                                                                          115


THE STUDY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND SUMMARY                 
117CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION, IMPLICATIONS OF              

Discussion of Findings                                                                                                        117

Conclusion                                                                                                                           125

Implications of the Study                                                                                                    125

Recommendations                                                                                                               127

Limitations of the Study                                                                                                      128

Suggestions for further Study                                                                                             128

Summary of the Study                                                                                                         128

REFERENCES                                                                                                                 132

  APPENDICES                                                                                                                    138

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