This study was carried out to appraise the role of design and implementation of users application software for estate management or real estate practice, it is obvious that the society cannot exist without land, which is the bases for estate practice, and among the four factors of production, land is the most important, because every other factors exist on land. In chapter one of this study, we are going to look at the introduction of estate management or real estate practice, while chapter two, which is literature review will deal with the concept of estate management, types of real estate, Nigerians real estate sector and government control mortgages in estate management and the problem of Nigerian estate management development. Chapter three will be based on system design and analysis of the current system, mode of data collection and problem of the existing system. Chapter four of this study will be concerned about system implementation and maintenance and program flowchart and finally chapter five, will deals with the summary, conclusion and recommendation.
1.2 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Real estate has continued to play a significant role in man’s evolution. It is not a coincidence that food, shelter and clothing believed to be the three essentials that sustain mankind, also have some linkage to land. Food grows out of land while shelter is affixed to it, and man’s clothing is made largely from what grows out of land. Indeed, whether in ancient times or today’s modern system land constitutes a significant index for man’s wealth and as economic activities have assumed more sophistication over time, land has continued to play a central role in their development. There is hardly any business venture that does not require to be supported by some form of real estate or estate management, from the small business that requires real estate as offices from where its business can be organized, to the major venture that needs it for its factory. Economics and management studies have long established that production is dependent on four factors, out of which land is one, along with labour, capital and entrepreneur. It therefore simply stands to reason that to be true to his professional responsibility every commercial/business lawyer ought to have a proper grasp of estate management practice or real estate law. The client needs advise on this in one form or the other, for land.
Elementary economics teaches us that where there is a lot of demand, prices are bound to go up. What has further complicated the graph is the fact that, although a natural endowment, land is not finite. It accounts for only 20% of the whole surface of the earth. Consequently, against this backdrop major economics, through some very robust and well thought out land policies comprehensively address challenges they encounter in the real estate sector. This is not exactly our situation here in Nigeria and the result is that there is a myriad of problems in our real estate sector. Only very recently the minister of the federal capital territory announced the withdrawal of certificates of occupancy in the federal capital territory. Whether for good or bad, this is not intended have to pass judgment over this ministerial pronouncement. Rather, the aim is to draw attention to, and highlight some of the problems that are encountered in our estate management sector. In the course of this paper, the phrases “real estate”, “estate management” and “land” will be used interchangeably. After all, although not exactly synonymous, yet in its connotations, real estate means some connection to land.
The study, computer application in estate management practice in Nigeria, will be restricted to the real estate practice profession. Estate management is the direction and supervision of an interest in landed property. Landed property in this context includes real estate, which connotes property that is not moveable, such property includes land, building, structures, and river basin etc. computer evolved from the ancient use of counting with sticks, the use of the abacus, calculators and later, other form of electric computer. This project however be concerned with modern computer with such applications as the micro processor, e-mail, internet. The study covers such estate management function as property search etc.