SECURITY IMPLICATIONS OF COMMUNAL LAND DISPUTES

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SECURITY IMPLICATIONS OF COMMUNAL LAND DISPUTES
ABSTRACT

This study examines the security implications of communal land disputes in Tiv-land, using four (4) LGAs, namely Vandeikya, Ukum, Guma and Tarka as a case of study. It examines relevant literature and using asample of One hundred and fourty (140) respondents across all selected LGAs for questionnaire administration. The finding revealed there are serious security implications to lives and properties of inhabitants of Tiv-land as a result from communal land disputes.This has led to the break-up of communities socio-politically and economically. It therefore recommended the parties involved in disputes should be encouraged to dialogue or negotiate on how to solve their differences, as the negotiation strategy creates opportunities for each party to express their opinion and to listen to those of others. It also recommends that the policy makers of Nigeria need to review the effectiveness of the country’s land laws and their applications at the regional and local levels. To avoid complications, selected community leaders must be involved in the process.

SECURITY IMPLICATIONS OF COMMUNAL LAND DISPUTES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter One

Introduction

1.1 Background of study

1.2 Statement of problems

1.3 Objectives of study

1.4 Statement of the hypothesis

1.5 Scope and limitation of the study

1.6 Significance of study

Chapter Two

Review of related literatures

2.0 Introduction

2.1 Conceptual Clarification

2.1.1 Causes of Communal Dispute

2.2 Theoretical Framework

2.2.1 Factors associated with land disputes

2.2.2 Statutory land right versus customary land right in Nigeria

2.3 Empirical Literature

2.3.1 Historical Background of the Tiv Nation

2.3.2 Land and related dispute issues in Tiv land

2.3.3 Communal land dispute and security challenges

2.3.4 Management of land disputes

Chapter Three

Research design and methodology

3.1 Design of study

3.2 Sample survey method

3.3 Area of study

3.4 Population sample for the study

3.5 Sources of data collection

3.6 Validity of the instrument

Chapter Four

Data presentation, analysis and interpretation

Chapter Five

Summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations

5.1 Summary of findings

5.2 Conclusion

5.3 Recommendations

Bibliography

Questionnaire

SECURITY IMPLICATIONS OF COMMUNAL LAND DISPUTES

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of study

Land is an important natural resource that sustains every living things namely; plants, animals and man. Virtually all activities that take place on earth, as it is a fixed socio-economic asset which hosts and aids production of goods and services (Magel, 2001). Savannah land hosts grasses while tropical land is characterized with hardwood forest among others, as it is the nature of land and types of its components dictates what must exist on it. To an extent, land influences climate and dictates lifestyles of settlers on it cut across the globe. Also, it host towns and houses where origin of a man is traced, which is as a result location of all communities on land defined by their territories. Likewise, the sovereignty of a kingdom is a function of the area of land it occupies, which is an indication that territorial defence is with the purpose of securing or retaining certain piece of land.

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