FOOD CONSUMPTION PATTERN AND MICRO NUTRIENT INTAKE OF MOTHERS IN IMO STATE.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Certification                                                                                          i

Dedication                                                                                             ii

Abstract                                                                                                  iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                iv

Table of contents                                                                                   v-vi

CHAPTER ONE

1.0      Introduction                                                                                       1

1.1       Objectives                                                                                         3

1.2        Justification                                                                                     3

1.3      Research Question                                                                            3

1.4      Problem Statement                                                                            4

1.5       Limitations of Study                                                                        5

CHAPTER TWO

2.0       Literature Review                                                                             6

2.1       Problem of Malnutrition in developing Countries                      7

2.2       Status of Women in Nigeria                                                            8

2.3       Women’s health and nutritional Status                                       11

2.4       The role of culture on food habits                                               13

2.5       Nutrition education and the state of nutrition                           13

2.6       Bio availability of Nutrients                                                         14

2.7       Digestion of Nutrients                                                                   14

2.8       Absorption of Nutrients                                                                15

2.9       Metabolism and storage of Nutrients                                          15

2.10         Recommended Nutrient Intake                                                16

2.11    Nutritive needs of Adults                                                              18

2.12    Influence in the Adult’s Diet                                                         18

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Research Methodology                                                                        20

3.1.         Study Design                                                                                20

3.2.         Study Area                                                                                    20

  • Data Analysis 20
  • Anthropometric Measurement 21
  • 24 hrs Diet recall 21

CHAPTER FOUR

Result and Discussion                                                                                22

Table 4.1 Socio-demographic Data                                                          23-25

Table 4.2 BMI classification                                                                      26

Table 4.3 Body composition                                                                      27

Table 4.4 Frequency of meals taken per day                                          28

Table 4.5 Food habits of the respondent                                                 29

Table 4.6 Self rating of nutrition knowledge                                          30

Table 4.7 Self rating of food intake over the years                                31

Table 4.8 Food consumption pattern                                                        32

Table 4.9 Dietary intake                                                                             33

Table 4.10 Intake of supplement (Iron, Antimalaria)                            34

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0       Conclusion                                                                                       36

5.1       Recommendation                                                                            36-37

References                                                                                                    38-39

Vi

CHAPTER ONE

1.0    INTRODUCTION

Nutrition is the science of food, nutrients and other substances, their action, interaction and balance in relation to health and disease and the processes by which the organism ingests, digests, absorbs transports, utilizes and excretes food substances.

The development of nutrition made food to be recognized as the fundamental source of nutrients. Food and nutrition are basic human rights because they are necessary for human development.

Malnutrition is the major contribution to illness and diseases in the world. This includes risk factors related to under nutrition, excess consumption of certain diet components (carbohydrates, fat, etc) and low consumption of other food items like fruits and vegetables. Rural dwellers food consumption pattern depends on many factors intervention into the life patterns of the community to which they belong. These factors affect food availability and how each food could be processed and stored.

Food consumption patterns can be defined as the recognizable ways of eating foods rural dwellers tend to adhere to their old eating patterns rather than venturing to seek new and more proper eating habits. In order to maintain healthful diets, a variety and balance of foods from all food groups and moderate consumption of all food items is very important.

Variety in diet implies choosing a number of different foods within any food group, rather than eating the “same old thing” day after day. Food consumption patterns has been observed to be influenced by socio-economic factors including sex, income, occupation, type of house and source of cooking energy, food consumption patterns of the mother prior to conception during pregnancy and lactation affects the reproductive cycle and health of the newborn infant. A mother with poor food consumption patterns has the risk of delivering a baby that is physically and mentally handicapped. Wright and Sims (1987) assert that many complex interacting systems affect man’s food consumption pattern and his consequent state of health. They further explained that natural environment (climate, topography soil conditions etc) determines what food can be produced. The man made environment (technological developments for processing, storing and distribution of food) affects what food will be made available for consumption.

Proper and adequate food consumption patterns is the instrument for achieving other rural developmental goals, most especially those connected to reduction in child mortality and improvements in material health. Primary educational enrolment and achievement, gender equity and the capacity of resist disease, in order to be healthy and active women need to have food in adequate quantity, quality and variety in order to meet energy and nutrient. Consumption patterns of the mother prior to conception and during pregnancy and lactation affects the reproductive cycle and health of the newborn infant. A mother with poor food consumption patterns have the risk of delivery a baby that is physically and mentally handicapped.

Adequate food plays an important role in rural development activities. It ensures their capacity to embark on livelihood activities that is sustainable.

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