SEXUAL IMMORALITY AMONG CHRISTIAN FEMALE STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

 

This study investigated “Sexual Immorality among Christian Female Students in Secondary Schools in Nigeria, using Kogi State as case study.” The involvement of teenagers, adolescents, youths and students in sexual immorality has become a serious problem and concern to parents, religious leaders, school authorities, government in particular and the society in general. The population of this study comprised of secondary school students and teachers in Kogi state. A total of seven hundred and fifty (750) respondents were selected as sample for this study. The sample size of students selected was four hundred (400) while the sample size of teachers selected was three hundred and fifty (350) randomly sampled across the three senatorial districts in Kogi state. The objectives of this study is to find out the causes of and effects perceived sexual immorality among Christian female students and to suggest possible ways of minimizing it. To achieve this purpose, a questionnaire containing four sections was developed and standardized. The questionnaire was structured based on the research questions, hypotheses and objectives. T-test was used in the analysis of the data, major findings observed in this study revealed that sexual immorality among Christian female students is caused by factors such as parental negligence, poverty, influence from peer group and watching of immoral video films. The study revealed that the effects of sexual immorality among Christian female students include unwanted pregnancy, abortions and spread of sexually transmitted diseases. In conclusions, parents/guardians should take special interest in curbing moral decadence among their female children, failure of which, will contribute negatively on their female children. The recommendations given include parents/guardians should keep a close watch on the type of friends their daughters keep and video films they watch at home. The government should improve the economy and censor magazines and video films that are immorals

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS        
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vii  
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1  
2  
3  
4  
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Scope and Delimitation of the Study – 5  
5  
CHAPTER 2: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE        
6  
6  
8  
9  
Concept of Sexual Immorality 9  
2.6 Old Testament Teaching on Sexual Immorality 11
2.7 New Testament Teaching on Sexual Immorality 12
2.8 Causes of Immorality in the Society 14
2.9 Effects of Immorality in the Society 24
2.10 Empirical Studies 27
2.11 Summary 30
CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY          
3.1 Introduction 31
3.2 Research Design 31
3.3 Population of the Study 31
3.4 Sample and Sampling Techniques – 32
3.5 Instrumentation 34
3.5.1 Validity of the Instrument 34
3.5.2 Pilot Study 35
3.5.3 Reliability of the Instrument 35
3.6 Administration of Questionnaire 36
3.7 Method of Data Analysis 36
CHAPTER 4: RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS          
4.1 Introduction 37
4.2 Demographic Data of the Respondents 37
4.2.3  Cause of Sexual Immorality among Christian Female Students in    
  Secondary Schools in Kogi State 39
4.2.4 The Effects of Sexual Immorality among Christian Female Students 41
4.3 Test of Hypotheses 45
4.4 Summary of Major Findings 47
4.5 Discussion of the Findings 48
CHAPTER 5: SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS  
5.1 Summary 52
5.2 Conclusions 53
5.3 Recommendations 54
5.4 Suggestions for Further Research 55
  References 56
  Appendix A 62
  Appendix B 63
  Appendix C 67
  Appendix D 68

 

 

 

CHAPTER 1

 

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1         The Background to the Study

 

At the secondary school level, most female students are at the adolescent stage, a developmental period which can decide a person’s current and future health. This is because it is at this time that individuals begin to make independent decisions about health-risk and health-enhancing behaviour. According to Cha (2005), Physiological, psychological and cognitive changes associated with sexual dispositions are experienced during this period. Thus, it is not unusual for adolescents to have the physical characteristics of adults in early adolescence and yet have the limited psychological, social and cognitive development consistent with childhood. Risky premarital sexual behaviour, one of the major problems of adolescence, is a result of the developmental characteristics of adolescence.

 

No other single age group sustains the negative health outcomes from their sexual behaviour as the adolescents. Adolescent girls contribute 55% of all clandestine abortions in the country, and the national HIV sero-prevalence figure for age 15-19 years is 3.6% (Bankole, Oye-Adeniran, Singh, Adewole, Sedgh and Hussain, 2006 and Fatusi and Blum, 2008).Sexual immorality is an area which many people find strange because it is one of the most complex and most controversial areas to venture into in contemporary times. Many people would think of the discussion on sexual immorality as a taboo that culture or custom forbids. Adults in the community frown at sexual immorality because it is a taboo and it brings shame to the family and relations of girls who happen to be victims of the act.

 

 

What is most astonishing is that in Kogi state, Christian female students in secondary schools cannot be isolated from this contagion affecting adolescents. Sexual immorality among Christian female students in Kogi state secondary schools is a menace in the society. According to Omotunde (1987) the adults have created the conditions for the spread of sexual immorality by exposing the youths to temptations. This they do by selling pornographic films, books and sexually suggestive music which materials stimulate adolescents’ curiosity and engender their ability to experiment on what they see, read and hear.

 

Coupled with the enhanced biological growth resulting from the chemicals from food crops, secondary school girls consider themselves adults capable of all sexual requirements. Often, the religious and cultural restraints are ignored. According to Adeola (2011), “there are many school girls out there who are going through difficult and horrible situations either because they did not know the problem or they thought the situation was not going to be that terrible. For many of the girls who are caught up in sexual immorality, it has been just a game of daring the impossible after knowing well that the horrors of falling into it are enormous”. This study, therefore, tries to find out the main causes of sexual immorality among Christian female students in secondary schools in Kogi state.

 

1.2         Statement of the Problem

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