THE EFFECT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE ON WASTE DISPOSAL IN NIGERIA

7

THE EFFECT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE ON WASTE DISPOSAL IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF CUDA)

INTRODUCTION


The American Public Liquid Association in 1975 defined solid waste as unwanted and useless material with insufficient liquid content to be free flowing,
because of its sticky nature, solid waste has the ability to accumulating and physically insulting and degrading the environment if not well managed. And is
more conspicuous in the urban than rural areas and has been linked to such problems like demographic inconsistency and in continuity in sanitation policy
and data availability. The increase in population as a result of industrial revolution in major towns and cities of the world have necessitated rapid growth or
high rate of urbanization and development for instance; Nigeria cities in recent time have witnessed rapid population growth resulting from influx of migrants
from rural area to the cities. This brings about the concentration of industrial, commercial, infrastructural, administration and government activities in urban
centers. Thus, as the population of cities grows, the rate of waste generation also increases leading to increase burning of refuse (in the developing
countries) and high rate of air pollution ,which increased concentration of green house gases that causes global warming and eventually Climate change. The volume of waste generated in any city is oen reflection of the intensity of human activities such as population urbanization and social development, resources exploitation and unchecked technological advances. All these activities generated one form of waste or the other. And the volume of waste
generated has also increased tremendously .the implication of this is that we have more waste to cope with.

CHAPTER ONE
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have caused the temperature of the earth to rise by 0.6Cover the last 100 years. The ten (10) warmest years of
the 20th century all occurred in the last 15 years of the century and 1998 was the warmest year on record (www.defra.gov.uk). Thermal expansion and glacier
melting are causing sea level to rise, rises in sea level can increase the salinity of freshwater throughout the world ,and cause coastal lands to be washed
under ocean exposing populations toincreased risk of flooding, .patterns of precipitation are changing, with greater like hood of extreme events and more
areas subject to water stress warmer water and increased humidity may encourage tropical cyclone, and changing wave patterns could produce more tidal
waves and strong beach erosion on the coast. With consequences for agricultural production
These changes to the environment will most likely. These changes to the environment will most likely cause negative impacts on society, such as, flooding, lower health and decreasing in socioeconomic development.

==>Disclaimer<==