Generally, policies and strategies of Nigerian government towards Foreign Direct Investments are shaped by two principal objectives of desire for economic independence and the demand for economic development. Multinational corporations are expected to bring into Nigeria, foreign capital in the form of technical skills, entrepreneurship, technology and investment fund to best economic activities thereby, rising the standard of living Nigerians.
The main issue in this project relates to understanding the effects and impacts of Foreign Direct Investment(FDI) on the Nigerian economy as well as our ability to attract adequate amounts sufficient enough to accelerate the pace of our economic growth. From related research and studies, it was revealed that multinational companies are highly adaptive social agents and therefore, the degree to which they can help in improving economic activities through Foreign Direct Investment will be heavily influenced by the policy choice of the host country.
From the analysis through the use of secondary data, it was observed that the level of FDI in Nigeria is not adequate. The model used was Internal Gap(Foreign Capital Need).From the analysis of the questionnaire distributed, it was discovered that FDI has a significant role in the economic growth of Nigeria.
The research thus suggested that in order for her to improve the economic climate for foreign direct investment in Nigeria, the government must appreciate the fact that the basic element in any successful development strategy should be the encouragement of domestic investors first before going after foreign investors.
The federal government in recognition of the importance of foreign investment as an important vehicle for economic growth, in her 2007 budget expressed his readiness to enter into investment protection agreement with foreign government or private organization wishing to invest in Nigeria as well as discuss additional incentives. According to Utomi (2007), “foreign direct investments (FDI) viz transnational corporations do possess the needed district capabilities which can be put to the service of growth in any host economy”
A general belief for a country to grow rapidly is for its to industrialize. However, to industrialize, a country requires substantial capital investment which is possible through earning of foreign exchange from export, borrowing in the international financial markets, or allowing businessmen to invest in her economy.
However, Agbadu (2007), advises that no country should ever rest on her oars and expect fortune seeking foreign investors to grow her economy for her. It is up to the recipient economy to ‘exploit’ the foreign investors through the judicious use of macro-economic polices deliberately designed to take advantage of the available foreign investment for the national economic benefits.
The sustainable economic growth of a developing country like Nigeria cannot be achieved in isolation. It deserves the existence of substantial capital to carry out diversification of the economic base.
In Nigeria, the per capital income is low; hence the realization of substantial savings to effect capital accumulation for investment is unfeasible. This has rendered the dream of domestic sourcing of finance for investment unrealistic. This scenario has led to increased desire for foreign investment in the provision of desired capital that will help in economic growth.
With the existing democratic governance, another chance is given to Nigeria to make her economy patronisable by foreign invertors which consequently will act as a catalyst to the growth of our economy.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM