The fact remains that internal control department has much role to play in managing risk in ever organizations and financial institution. The aim of the research work is to analyze the role of internal control in risk management. In this research work 60 questions were distributed while 40 were returned. It made use of simple percentage in analyzing the questions where chi-square was used to test the hypothesis. Furthermore, the following finding were made during the course of this research work. That there is an existence of internal department. The need for continues audit was also emphasized is independent of the management and report if mostly prepared and reviewed bi-annually. The independent of internal control department should always be maintained. Regular training of the staff and personnel and also adequate development programs should also be organized to enhance performances, understanding and appreciation of organization objective.


Title page

Approval page                                                        ii

Dedication                                                             iii

Acknowledgement                                                  iv

Abstract                                                                v

Table of contents                                                    vi


Introduction                                                1

Statement of the problem                          2

Need for the study                                    4

Objectives of the study                              5

Research questions                                   6

Scope of the study                                    7

Assumptions of the study                          8

Limitation of the study                              9

Operational definition of terms                    10


 Background of internal control                        12

 Nature of internal control                                18

 Management duty regarding internal control      19

 Installation of an effective accounting system    21

 Employees codes of conduct                                   24

Monitoring relevant legal requirement                 24

Limitations of the effectiveness of internal control       25

Auditors use of internal control system               26

Essential features of internal control system        27

The nature of risk                                            29

Classes of risk                                                        30

Risk management                                            34

Functions of risk manager                                 35

Objectives of risk management                          35

Identification and management of risk               36

How to identify risks                                        37


 Summary of findings                                41

 Conclusions                                             43

 Recommendation                                     43

 Areas for further study                              45

Bibliography                                             46




Internal control has played a major role in risk management especially in the banking industry in Nigeria.

According to British auditing guideline which defines internal control as the whole system of control financial and otherwise established by the management in order to carry out the business of the enterprises in an orderly and efficient manner, ensure adherence to management policies, safe guarded the assets and secure as far as possible the completeness and accuracy of records. Whereas Hornaren and Foster (1990:910) defined internal control as the set of accounting and administrative control and practice that helps to ensure that approved and appropriate decisions are made in an organization. internal control as organization of accounting duties is such a way as to maximize the chance of accurate accounting and minimize the chance of risk or the occurrence of impact of such losses if they occur.

The management has the duties is risk identification evolution, avoidance transfer, retention recruiting and financing. However, Chris Aloma Osondu (2008) emphasized on risk management whereby business can hardly operate without an element of risk and defined risk management as a scientific possible accidental losses and feigning and implementation procedures that minimizes the occurrence or the impact of such losses if they occur.

According to Anyanwu F.A. (2007) Risk can be designed as the general uncertainty doubt, chance of loss or insurance the insured object. An organization of management is such that if internal control system is not efficient there is every tendency that risks cannot be managed properly in such an organization.


When risks occur the concern is always the economic lose associated with the loss. Hence it is regarded as an involuntary parting of value. The economic loss may take many forms such as a loss of property by physical perils as fire or theft, it may also take the form of premature death of the key man of a business enterprise or a family bread winner. It may arise out of the ineffectiveness in the management of an enterprise or seen as a result of law suit to recover damaged for some negligent act therefore for the problems intended to study are:

How management handles their risk.

How efficient is the internal control of the organization.

If the internal control system in that organization helps at all in management.

If the organization is insured.

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