A STUDY OF THE MISUSE OF ADVERBS IN THE WRITTEN ENGLISH OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS

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A STUDY OF THE MISUSE OF ADVERBS IN THE WRITTEN ENGLISH OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS

ABSTRACT

 

The study “A Study of the Misuse of Adverbs in The Written English of the Undergraduate of the Kogi State University, Ayingba” was carried out to determine the major areas of difficulty experienced by the one hundred (100) level students of the Kogi State University. One hundred samples of composition written by the one hundred (100) level students of the Kogi State University were analysed. These samples were selected from the Departments of English Language, Biochemistry and Business Administration. Four questions were raised and the simple percentage formula was used to answer the four questions. The findings show the following grammatical errors as common: omission of the –ly suffixes, wrong syntactic usage, wrong order of adverbs, misuse of preposition of place and time, wrong use of pronouns for adverbs e.t.c. The study suggests that Students should read standard books in the target language after normal classroom teaching in order to improve their writing skills. Teachers should try and use adequate and suitable learning materials. This will help students have a better understanding and good mastery of the language.

 

        TABLE OF CONTENTS        
                      Pages
Title   – i
Cover Page ii
Declaration iii
Certification iv
Dedication v
Acknowledgements vi
Abstract vii
Table of Contents viii

 

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL INTRODUCTION          
1.1 Background of the Study – 1
1.2 Statement of the Research Problem 4
1.3 Research Questions 5
1.4 Aim and Objectives 5
1.5 Justification of the Study – 6
1.6 Scope and Delimitation 6

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE        
2.0 Introduction 8
2.1 Previous Studies 8
2.2 Conceptual Review 14
2.2.1 Classification of Adverbs 16
2.2.2 Adverb Placement 18
2.2.3 How to Recognise Adverb 21
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2.2.4 How to Recognise Misused Modifiers 24
2.3 Theory of Errors 26
2.3.1 Contrastive Analysis 26
2.3.2 Error Analysis 28
2.3.3 Causes of Errors     29
2.3.4 L1 Interference 29
2.4 Types of Error 32
2.4.1 Inter-Lingual/Transfer Errors 32
2.4.2 Intra-Lingual/Developmental Errors 33
2.4.3 Over-generalization 33
2.4.4 Ignorance of Rules Restriction 34
2.4.5 Incomplete Application of Rules 35
2.4.6 False Concept Hypothesized 35
2.5 Gross Errors 36
2.5.1 Delicate Errors 36
2.5.2 Break down Errors 36
2.5.3 Non Break down Errors – 37
2.5.4 Critical Errors 37
2.5.5 Persistent Errors – 37
2.5.6 Transient Errors – 37
2.6 Teacher‟s Attitude towards Correcting Students Written Errors and Mistakes 39
2.7 Techniques for Correcting Errors and Mistakes 42
2.8 Theoretical Framework 45
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY              
3.0   Introduction 46
3.1Sources of Data Collection 46
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3.2 Method of Data Collection 46
3.3 Sampling Procedure 47
3.4 Method of Data Analysis – 47
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION OF DATA AND DATA ANALYSIS    
4.0 Introduction   48
4.1Discussions 64
4.2Findings 66
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION  
5.0 Introduction 69
5.1 Summary 69
5.2 Conclusion 70
5.3 Recommendation – 71
  References 72
  Appendix 75

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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      List of Tables        
Table 1.0: Adverb of Manner – 49
Table 2.0: Adverb of Time 51
Table 3.0: Adverb of Place 53
Table 4.0: Adverb of Frequency 55
Table 5.0: Conjunctive Adverb 57
Table 6.0: Type of Adverbs usually Misused –   59
Table 7.0: Extend of Errors Committed by the Students 61
Table 8.0: Comparism of Errors by the Students 63

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