ACCOUNTING PLANNING AND CONTROL KEY TO EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT A CASE STUDY OF OWERRI MUNICIPAL

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ACCOUNTING PLANNING AND CONTROL KEY TO EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT A CASE STUDY OF OWERRI MUNICIPAL

CHAPTER ONE

  •  INTRODUCTION:

The process of managing a business or an organization consists of the basic elements of planning, control and decision making. Planning and control are parts and parcel of   our daily likes. Planning and control of cost and operations is the key to good management. Accounting  control is a process of developing plans for a company’s    expected operations to help to carryout those plans.

Accounting planning has to do with setting out aims and objectives to be achieved over a period of time and control monitors how well the aims and objective are achieved. The preparation of a company’s finance is the single important aspect of its success. As a tool of management, it can increase the efficiency of the organization at a while since all the departments are involved. The accounting planning and efficiency are not achieved by an organization if they are not properly financed. The efficiency and effectiveness of any organization, therefore depend on a number of factors which may be categorized as clarify of purposes, management, planning, control and communication.

There is a need to have a clear knowledge of the objectives of the organizations, otherwise it will not be possible to identify goals set target for their achievements in form of planning, control   and management of its finance.  accounting  management has to do with planning, controlling, acquiring and utilizing of funds in a way that maximized the efficiency of the firm, most especially, (finance is the evaluation and acquisition product assets, procurement of funds and disbursement of which involved funds). The finance received by any business may be influenced by the followinFixed assets necessary for producing and distribution of products e.g. plants and machines.

b)Raw materials plants and miscellaneous supplies to purchase.

C)Wages and other expenses to be paid.

There are alternative involved in  accounting  decision which include the use of internal and external source. The source is mostly used for the firms operation and should not be over looked when planning finance. They are generated from operation or retained in current assets. The external sources are made up of three main types namely: short term, medium term which consist of back   loan, hire purchase and sale and lease back equipment.  Long term consist of debenture with a fixed charge or floating charge.

The need for Accounting planning arises becauseAccounting resources are limited and costly and even where the resources are available; the areas into which they could be applied to make profit are diverse.  Planning and control acts as a device that   enable management to anticipate changer are adopting it. No business exists without this concept and success in business is proportionate to its planning and skill with which it is controlled.

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