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The Effect of COVID-19 on Almajiri Educational System In Nigeria

The Effect of COVID-19 on Almajiri Educational System In Nigeria 

INTRODUCTION

Generations upon generations, there is no end to the sight of young children of school age roaming the streets in a quest for survival. As an age-old tradition, these kids are popularly called ‘Almajiri’ – children from poor homes usually sent to Islamic boarding schools. Formal education remains a far cry for thousands of these children.

Put into perspective, Nigeria has about 13.2 million out of school children. In West Africa, Nigeria accounts for 45 per cent of out-of-school children. 69 per cent of the out-of-school in Nigeria are from Northern Nigeria, with 60 per cent of them comprising of girls. The number of out-of-school children in Nigeria has increased from 10.5 million in 2010 to 13.2 million in 2015. Some of the contributive factors to this issue is the protracted violent conflict in Northeast Nigeria. The destruction of schools by insurgents, forced displacement, and the volatile nature of the region has grossly impacted accessibility to primary education in the area.

Over the years, the Almajiri programme has co-existed alongside the formal school system; it has failed to be subsumed into the formal education sector. For instance, Nigeria’s former president, Goodluck Jonathan, reportedly spent about N15 billion in building Almajiri schools in an effort to integrate basic education into the almajiri system. There have been reports that are the structures built for the purpose have either been used for conventional education or lay waste because its pupils have gone back to the old ways of street begging.

Conflict experts hold that having vulnerable children in cities across a nation that is fighting an ideological war is a terrible risk. For instance, it has been widely reiterated that the reason Boko Haram insurgents has continued to wage war against the Nigerian state is as a result of a robust recruitment source. The almajiri system has created a mass of vulnerable younglings who are susceptible to the antics of conflict promoters upon the promise of material reward or psycho-social brainwashing.

The deportation of the almajiri children in the middle of the Coronavirus pandemic has cast more light in the dark. For the many years the almajiri system has existed, it has been perceived by many as constituting public nuisance. In the face of the Covid-19 pandemic, where free movements have been banned and social distancing greatly promoted, the almajiri way of life is greatly threatened. Hundreds of almajiri children have been deported from across different states of the federation; in a bid to flatten the spread of the Coronavirus. In some cases, some of them have tested positive to COVID-19. Nigeria’s House of Representatives has also called on the Federal government to stop state governments from repatriating almajiri children.

Beyond COVID-19, the almajiri system requires collective action. This should involve both the federal and state governments to map out a holistic policy action to address the issues around almajiri system. Also, traditional and religious institutions have a vital role to play, considering that the practice is deeply rooted in cultural and religious sentiments. Governmental actions can only provide the capacity for reforms; it will require the collaborations of relevant stakeholders, including the Northern elites, for meaningful impact to be achieved and sustainability guaranteed. Without a comprehensive policy initiative, the almajiri children remain the evidence of dearth of social security for citizens of the country.

A Computer for Solving Linear Simultaneous Equations Using the Residue Number System

Abstract:The design of a special-purpose digital computer for solving simultaneous equations which operates with numbers coded in the residue number system is described. Since addition, subtraction or multiplication can be done in one-bit time using this coding, Gauss-Seidel iteration can be done in a very fast and efficient manner. The computer has been arbitrarily designed to solve dense systems of equations with as many as 128 unknowns and sparse systems with as many as 512 unknowns. Operating at a 500-kc clock rate, the computer would be able to perform one complete iteration on a system with 128 unknowns 30 times faster than an IBM 704. Using a 7 digit residue code requiring a 42-bit word, the computer would provide solutions of up to 4 significant figures. By using the best presently obtainable components, computing speed can be increased by a factor of 5. The size of the system which can be handled and the number of significant digits which can be obtained in the solutions can also be extended if desired. The speed of computation obtained with this computer is made possible by the combination of the one-bit-time arithmetic operations obtainable with residue numbers, the high data rate possible with a magnetic drum, and the sequential nature of the Gauss-Seidel iteration procedure. The digital techniques which have been developed to realize a computer of this type include methods of encoding decimal numbers into residue representation, rescaling residue numbers, and decoding residue numbers into binary coded decimal form.

PERSONALITY ADJUSTMENT OF CHILDREN FROM BROKEN HOME

PERSONALITY ADJUSTMENT OF CHILDREN FROM BROKEN HOME CASE STUDY IN KATSINA CITY

CHAPTER ONE/INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

The family is the child’s first place of contact with the world. The child as a result acquires education and socialization from parents and other significant persons both in and outside the family circle. Agulaina (2000) pointed out that the family lays the psychological, moral and spiritual foundation in the overall development of the child. Structurally, a home, in this context is a built or constructed structure that houses one or two or more members of the family. An intact home is the one that consists of the father, mother and children without separation, divorce, death of one or both parents, desertion or single parenthood; while on the other hand, broken home is the one that is affected by divorce, separation, death of one or both of the parents, desertion or single-parenthood.

According to Fraser (2004), psychological home condition arise mainly from illegitimacy of the children; the label of the adopted child, broken homes, divorce, separation and parental deprivation are likely to cause poor or abnormal adjustment. Life in a broken home can be stressful for both the child and the parents. Such families are faced with the challenges of inadequate resources, social, academic and emotional problems as noted by Schultz (2006). Rochlkepartain (2013) is of the opinion that the family structure plays a great role on children’s adjustments. Levine (2001), states that the parents are probably the actor with the dearest undimensional interest in high level of their children’s adjustment. To some extent, there is simple evidence to show that marital instability brings about stress, tension, lack of motivation, frustration and depression as noted by Levin (2001). Obviously, these manifestations act negatively on the child’s adjustment to social and economic aspect of life.

The child’s home and his family offer the best upbringing, as they serve as teachers. The parents lay the foundation for the desired social and economic wellbeing of the child. The training received from home is of great importance in his personality formation, in social and economic achievement. It can also be observed that the pattern of life in the home (stable or unstable), the social and economic status of the family in the community and many other conditions can influence the child’s adjustments to his economic and social life as a secondary school student. Abdulganiyu (1997) added that research have also shown how children differ in various ways as a result of factors in their home background such as social and economic status, parental attitude to the child’s needs and other child-rearing practices (factors mentioned

earlier in broken/unstable homes). These home background variables are also found to be positively related to children’s social and economic adjustments as they need care and love which is absent in broken homes and invariably resulting to abnormal adjustments. Poor adjustments occur when an individual is unable to adapt or cope with a particular stress or a major life event as mentioned by Abdulganiyu (1997). They have symptoms similar to people with depression; loss of interest, feeling of hopelessness and crying. This disorder is caused by an outside stress and generally resolves once the individual is able to adapt to these situations (Patricia, 2009).

Similarly, Giwa (1997) have investigated the factors within student’s home background on family that affect their social and economic adjustments such as the family size, birth order, multi-parity , parental attitude, child-rearing practices, parental absence or presence, polygamy and poverty. This is so because, children’s social and economic needs to be balanced with psychological , emotional and intellectual needs such as love , security, new experiences , needs for praise and recognition and the need for responsibility. Most of these needs may not be adequately offered in broken homes, which in turn, influence their normal adjustment to social and economic status in their schools. The extent to which these needs are met during formative years is the extent to which they enter school well-equipped or ready to deal with the social aspect of school life.

Statement of the Problem

The history of broken homes in Katsina city dates back to the traditional days when there were no legally constituted courts to settle the disputes among couples. Thus differences were taken to the council of elders in the extended family system. The woman stressed her grievance and the husband is called upon by the eldest person in the family or village head for amicable settlement. In a situation where the unwanted behavior continued then the woman could report grievances to her parents. The parents of the woman or herself, has the sole responsibility to seek for divorce or separation. During these olden days, broken homes were not pronounced and where there were few of such cases it was considered as taboo; as such the rates of broken homes was minimal in the study area. But in present modern age, particularly in Nigeria, where women are expected to shoulder effectively domestic responsibilities, but due engagement in place of work, which prevent them from discharging their responsibilities, in most case tend to create conflict that may lead to broken homes.

It is worthy to note that majority of the families in Katsina city predominantly operate polygamous family system. This has a lot of implications to the stability of the marriage of many couples in the study area. For instance, a man who is not economically viable to maintain one wife but yet gets married to two or more wives through parental and peer group influence may definitely not be able to cater for the family.

However, there is a global awareness on the importance of home environment and parental care on pupils‟ academic performance. The family being the most important

 social unit that provides security, socio-economic and psychological services to its members (children inclusive) is prone to threat due to rising cases of broken homes such as divorce, separation, or death of a parent. Hence, schools are likely to have more pupils whose parents have been divorced, dead or separated now more than ever before. The rate of broken homes as a result of collapse marriage is becoming alarming, thus increasing number of children from broken homes day in, day out. The home is meant to be a place filled with joy, happiness with lots of guaranteed security and comfort but it is rather pitiful that average home today neglects its primary functions thereby causing a lots of psychological challenge in the mind of the school pupils.

The emotional and social stress of broken homes may cause hardship, such as inability to resume classes as at when due, inability to purchase necessary learning materials, nonpayment of dues and levies, lack guidance and counselling, monitoring and supervision, insecurity, lack of freedom from oppression, denial of early education. The presence of a broken home condition may adversely affect pupil`s concentration on their studies and regular attendance in school, it may also lead to exams failures and also impede academic performance as the pupil is unable to take advantage of learning opportunities at school and at home, for these pupils to be in school with various psychological home conditions will no doubt be in disequilibrium state of mind. It is against this background, the researcher Personality adjustment of children from broken home. Case study in katsina city Objectives of the Study

The study sets out to achieve the following objectives,

Research questions

The following research questions are asked to guide the study:

Research hypotheses

The following research hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance;

Significance of the Study

The essence of this research work could be seen from its scope. The study had attempted to provide empirical research findings on the influence of broken home on pupil academic performance. The findings of this study may led to a possible reduction in this social ill (broken home) act in the society. The result of the study will complement government effort in reducing rate of broken home among families. Counsellors, Teachers, educational administrators, policy makers, curriculum developers and other stakeholders will find this work indispensable. The study had also contributed to the body of knowledge on the influence of the home environment on academic performance. In addition, it would serve as a measure to the problem of poor academic performance amongst primary school pupils in the country. It will also attract future researchers in a similar field in order to give a better understanding of the problem at hand. The findings of this study will uplift the quality of education in the following ways.

Curriculum planning; Curriculum Planners will find it handy and would benefit them by knowing that the general and rigid curriculum that is one – size – fits- all would no longer meet the needs of every learners. The study has provided valid information to curriculum planners on learners from broken homes and it will be employed in simplify existing curriculum.

Counsellors; the study has provided the school guidance counsellors with vital information that will help them to guide their clients from broken homes, as well as educational administrators and regulators. It will also serve as a reference material for further studies in the field. The findings of this study serve as useful information that will be used for theory formation in marital counseling.

Students; The study provide students with needed information on home background and academic performance, and this will go a long way to facilitate his/her preparation to excel in academic pursuit and life in general (economically, physically/spiritually, socially, as well as morally). Religious Institutions; the study also provide religious leaders with needed information

Lecturers Perception Of Fashion Reform Against Skimpy Dressing Among Students

Lecturers Perception Of Fashion Reform Against Skimpy Dressing Among Students Of Ekiti State University , Ado Ekiti

ABSTRACT

While some university authorities argue that mode of dress is an important factor in determining student’s success of failure and should thus be subjected to rules, orders especially in the humanities and social sciences remains uncounted. Realizing the evil effect of the vice of indecent dressing, this study is targeted at finding lecturers perception of fashion reforms in higher institutions.To achieve this, a simple random sampling technique was adopted to select 120 lecturers from department in Ekiti state university as respondents. The method used for collecting data was questionnaire.The data collected was analyzed using frequency count and percentage index and simple methods tools to test the formulated hypothesis

The Role Of Logistics Technical Support Staff In Nigerian Electoral System A Study Of INEC Nigeria

The Role Of Logistics Technical Support Staff In Nigerian Electoral System A Study Of INEC Nigeria

CHAPTER ONE/INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Electoral logistics involve the systematic breakdown in the procedures for averting toe complexities in electioneering. Some of these complexities include appropriate and timely routing of electoral materials, training and posting of trained electoral officers to effectively partitioned zones of the Electoral Commission, prudent mobilization and disbursement of funds for the procurement of materials and adopting to letter, all safety guides of inventory policies.

In 2011, many Nigerians who flocked to the voting centres around the country to exercise their civic rights went home disappointed as they could not cast their votes due to logistics problems with arrangements made by the Logistics Technical department of the Independent national electoral commission (INEC).https://googleads.g.doubleclick.net/pagead/ads?guci=2.2.0.0.2.2.0.0&client=ca-pub-7640305013905361&output=html&h=280&adk=3642588223&adf=3134098613&pi=t.aa~a.2650681738~i.13~rp.4&w=740&fwrn=4&fwrnh=100&lmt=1609658042&num_ads=1&rafmt=1&armr=3&sem=mc&pwprc=5915479562&psa=1&ad_type=text_image&format=740×280&url=http%3A%2F%2Fprojectstore.com.ng%2Fthe-role-of-logistics-technical-support-staff-in-nigerian-electoral-system-a-study-of-inec-nigeria%2F&flash=0&fwr=0&pra=3&rh=185&rw=740&rpe=1&resp_fmts=3&wgl=1&fa=27&adsid=ChEIgNDA_wUQot3664blgNGdARJMALF5s5KRW4eOtuKz-f9Z0hU-gPhGdcd-SJCoKL26GK3U31NZVwQBcRQu8gonSXjvh3HoJKDa6BOSeMmXwEANTeg7afGdS10QtwL8OQ&tt_state=W3siaXNzdWVyT3JpZ2luIjoiaHR0cHM6Ly9hZHNlcnZpY2UuZ29vZ2xlLmNvbSIsInN0YXRlIjowfSx7Imlzc3Vlck9yaWdpbiI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXR0ZXN0YXRpb24uYW5kcm9pZC5jb20iLCJzdGF0ZSI6MH1d&dt=1609658040019&bpp=34&bdt=8048&idt=35&shv=r20201203&cbv=r20190131&ptt=9&saldr=aa&abxe=1&cookie=ID%3Dd36614bf7be2562a-2249eca683a600a1%3AT%3D1607352327%3ART%3D1607352327%3AS%3DALNI_Mb7SwNBbkWFZcIvB9fyTXsSQtG-Jg&prev_fmts=0x0%2C783x280%2C468x60%2C740x280&nras=2&correlator=8565951817990&frm=20&pv=1&ga_vid=1928060235.1609658039&ga_sid=1609658039&ga_hid=392865148&ga_fc=0&u_tz=-360&u_his=1&u_java=0&u_h=600&u_w=800&u_ah=560&u_aw=800&u_cd=24&u_nplug=3&u_nmime=4&adx=22&ady=1412&biw=783&bih=400&scr_x=0&scr_y=0&eid=21068945&oid=3&pvsid=1098267685850641&pem=979&ref=http%3A%2F%2Fprojectstore.com.ng%2Fprojecttopics%2Fpolitical-science-project-topics-materials%2F&rx=0&eae=0&fc=1408&brdim=0%2C0%2C0%2C0%2C800%2C0%2C800%2C560%2C800%2C400&vis=1&rsz=%7C%7Cs%7C&abl=NS&fu=8320&bc=23&jar=2021-01-03-07&ifi=4&uci=a!4&btvi=3&fsb=1&xpc=zs3EvgV2V6&p=http%3A//projectstore.com.ng&dtd=2599

Madu (2011) argued the following in the Business Day:https://googleads.g.doubleclick.net/pagead/ads?guci=2.2.0.0.2.2.0.0&client=ca-pub-7640305013905361&output=html&h=280&adk=3642588223&adf=2450670313&pi=t.aa~a.2650681738~i.22~rp.4&w=740&fwrn=4&fwrnh=100&lmt=1609658044&num_ads=1&rafmt=1&armr=3&sem=mc&pwprc=5915479562&psa=1&ad_type=text_image&format=740×280&url=http%3A%2F%2Fprojectstore.com.ng%2Fthe-role-of-logistics-technical-support-staff-in-nigerian-electoral-system-a-study-of-inec-nigeria%2F&flash=0&fwr=0&pra=3&rh=185&rw=740&rpe=1&resp_fmts=3&wgl=1&fa=27&adsid=ChEIgNDA_wUQot3664blgNGdARJMALF5s5KRW4eOtuKz-f9Z0hU-gPhGdcd-SJCoKL26GK3U31NZVwQBcRQu8gonSXjvh3HoJKDa6BOSeMmXwEANTeg7afGdS10QtwL8OQ&tt_state=W3siaXNzdWVyT3JpZ2luIjoiaHR0cHM6Ly9hZHNlcnZpY2UuZ29vZ2xlLmNvbSIsInN0YXRlIjowfSx7Imlzc3Vlck9yaWdpbiI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXR0ZXN0YXRpb24uYW5kcm9pZC5jb20iLCJzdGF0ZSI6MH1d&dt=1609658040086&bpp=16&bdt=8115&idt=16&shv=r20201203&cbv=r20190131&ptt=9&saldr=aa&abxe=1&cookie=ID%3Dd36614bf7be2562a-2249eca683a600a1%3AT%3D1607352327%3ART%3D1607352327%3AS%3DALNI_Mb7SwNBbkWFZcIvB9fyTXsSQtG-Jg&prev_fmts=0x0%2C783x280%2C468x60%2C740x280%2C740x280&nras=3&correlator=8565951817990&frm=20&pv=1&ga_vid=1928060235.1609658039&ga_sid=1609658039&ga_hid=392865148&ga_fc=0&u_tz=-360&u_his=1&u_java=0&u_h=600&u_w=800&u_ah=560&u_aw=800&u_cd=24&u_nplug=3&u_nmime=4&adx=22&ady=1464&biw=783&bih=400&scr_x=0&scr_y=0&eid=21068945&oid=3&psts=AGkb-H9rQMyvjv3BZSfy03ObeS4GZ_86-3L7utEqYYifJCuE8swbRUbBF9Q&pvsid=1098267685850641&pem=979&ref=http%3A%2F%2Fprojectstore.com.ng%2Fprojecttopics%2Fpolitical-science-project-topics-materials%2F&rx=0&eae=0&fc=1408&brdim=0%2C0%2C0%2C0%2C800%2C0%2C800%2C560%2C800%2C400&vis=1&rsz=%7C%7Cs%7C&abl=NS&fu=8320&bc=23&jar=2021-01-03-07&ifi=5&uci=a!5&btvi=4&fsb=1&xpc=GWO0fXifGm&p=http%3A//projectstore.com.ng&dtd=4166

“Any election will be successful if the availability the right election materials, in the right quantity and condition, at the right place, at the right time, with the right electoral Logistics technical officer are ensured. One of the biggest problems faced by Nigerian elections is the politicians, who have become nearly impossible to manage. Madu (2011) asks the question, “Why will the sensitive materials not come in time if not for the fear that politicians will tamper with them?”

The INEC (Independent National Electoral Commission) argued that the reason for not having a successful election was as a result of logistics staffs, who have failed them. However, what this could imply is that the selection criteria of logistics  were faulty, as the logistics staff are just middle men. The way to improve the current situation in Nigeria is to adopt a pro-active method to planning. Long term planning is important, as flawless logistics cannot be achieved if electoral bodies do not appreciate the right tools and strategies involved in planning. Madu (2011) saw the training plan of INEC before the election, and did not find any core logistics training, even to the logistics in the organisation.

The Logistics Technical Support Staff  of INEC needs adequate training , as they cannot give what they do not have. The saying, if you don‟t train them, don‟t blame them, applies here. Madu (2011) clearly portrays the need for long term planning and an improvement in electoral logistics. Without the correct strategies and methods to plan for electoral logistics, election processes are prone to being unsuccessful.

1.2 Statement of the Problems

There are currently serious logistical challenges in meeting Nigeria‟s electoral demands. Three of such logistical challenges are sufficient planning, infrastructure and human capital. As a result of these challenges, measurement of the efficiency of utilization of the resources committed to electoral processes needs to be conducted, as it is easy to assume that the election is so important that whatever resource has been committed to it seems justified, and as a result of this, funds and other related electoral resources are not used optimally. The problem of lack of infrastructures and capacity also usually implies that good electoral processes in Nigeria  are quite expensive. This issue of election cost has been raised recently by the presidents of South Africa and Nigeria in separate instances. It does not seem that the various national electoral bodies in Africa have realized the potential benefits that active collaboration between them can deliver, especially with regards to the management of electoral logistics. There is a need for the proper definition of an electoral system in the form of a blueprint model of the main electoral processes, so that the performance of logistics infrastructures and resources can be measured. If something cannot be measured, it is difficult to improve.

In this study, a lot of problems militating against effective logistics management are looked into. Some of these include:

  • the impact of finance on the running of electoral processes;
  • the staffing condition of INEC;
  •  the impact of various decrees and laws on the success of electoral logistics;
  • the poor communication network in National Electoral Commission;
  • the poor transport facilities which encourages the poor attitude of various Commissions

It is therefore, obvious that if these problems are not properly tackled, then the country is leading for a political doom. This is because a formidable political stability is a base for the survival of any economy. The present situation of inconsistency in system of elections and instability of government does not synchronize with the yearnings and aspirations of the populace. This situation endangers the hope of democracy.

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objectives of this study is to examine the Role Of Logistics Technical Support Staff In Nigerian Electoral System A Study Of INEC, Nigeria.

The specific objectives are thus

  1. To examine whether poor communication arrangement is responsible for the inadequate technical logistics management.
  2. To investigate whether uncooperative attitude of various bodies, commissions and agencies is responsible for the poor routine and mobilization of the electoral materials at the grassroots.
  3. To analyze whether poor staffing condition of Independent National Electoral Commission is a great sabotage to electoral logistic management inconsistency in planning and logistics.
  4. To ascertain whether availability of electoral materials, finance, vehicles and good maintenance culture is a sine-qua -non to the effective logistic management.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. Does  poor communication arrangement is responsible for the inadequate technical logistics management?
  2. Does  uncooperative attitude of various bodies, commissions and agencies is responsible for the poor routine and mobilization of the electoral materials at the grassroots?
  3. Does  poor staffing condition of Independent National Electoral Commission is a great sabotage to electoral logistic management inconsistency in planning and logistics?
  4. Does the availability of electoral materials, finance, vehicles and good maintenance culture is a sine-qua -non to the effective logistic management.

1.5 STATEMENT OF THE HYPOTHESIS

A study of this nature is not conclusive if there are no testable statement of facts. Hypothesis can be defined as a testable statement of required facts and interpretation determining their validity of the statement. They are tentative empirical consequence. The hypotheses contained in this study are structured in line with the research questions drawn. The researcher used the following hypotheses:

  1. The poor communication arrangement is responsible for the inadequate management.
  2. The uncooperative attitude of various bodies, commissions and agencies is resposiblee for the poor routine and mobilization of the electoral materials at the grassroots.
  3. The poor staffing condition of Independent National Electoral Commission is a great sabotage to electoral logistic management inconsistency in planning and logistics.
  4. The availability of electoral materials, finance, vehicles and good maintenance culture is a sine-qua -non to the effective logistic management.

1.6 Scope of the Study

The nature of this study appears complicated since it is concentrated on public opinion. The researcher, because of the problem of distance and uncooperative attitude of the respondents during interviews, restricted the study to few States especially those that have Federal institutions to ensure spread. The study was concentrated on appreciable population representing the leaders and the led. The selection cuts across various demographic traits. In this study, however, the researcher did not administer research instruments to top government officials because of anticipated bias and uncompromising response in assessing the logistic of the Commission. This is essentially a case study of a particular Commission whose corporate objectives are difficult to come by owing to destructive interference by the Government and other bodies. We shall on this note, restrict our study to those aspects that form the mainstream of the activities of the Commission. These include funding, transportation, security, personnel, materials and legal services.

Significance of the Study

This study at the end shall throw light on:

  • The optimal routing process for the allocation of electioneering materials
  • the scheduling responsibilities of the Electoral Commission of various agencies as regards staff recruitment, training and posting
  • the best communication network to alert security agents of any action in any place viewed to go against the rules guiding the conduct of election
  • the resolution of the transportation problem (effective logistic management
  • and finally, a re-appraisal of the existing electioneering laws and the duties of various agencies

LIST OF ENDSARS AND COVID-19 PROJECT TOPICS

Schoolprojecttopics in collaboration with projectstore.com.ng have compiled a list of project topics and materials on current issues within Nigeria and around the world.

These list of ENDSARS project topics and COVID-19 project topics will significantly help final year students to submit and make research on a new and contemporary issues.

Studies revealed that project supervisors always NEED students to work on new topics.

Kindly click any of the COVID-19 or ENDSARS LINK below to get the lists of the project topics tailored to your area of specialization.

 

 

END SARS AND COVID-19 PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS

Codes Project Topics
Covid-19 Thesis List Of Covid19 Project Topics And Materials
Covid-19 Thesis 1 The Impact Of Covid-19 On Education In Nigeria
Covid-19 Thesis 2 Effect Of Coronavirus Outbreak On The Academic Performance Of Students In Secondary Schools
Covid-19 Thesis3 Effect Of Convid-19 On The Academic Performance Of Secondary School Student
Covid-19 Thesis 4 The Effect Of Coronavirus Epidemic And The World Economy A Study Of Covid19
Covid-19 Thesis 5 An Assessment Of Corona Virus (Covid-19) On The Nigeria Economy
Covid-19 Thesis 6 The Economic Implication Of The Coronavirus Epidemic On Nigeria Economy A Study Of Covid-19
Covid-19 Thesis 7 Impact Of Social Distancing On The Covid-19 Pandemic In Nigeria
Covid-19 Thesis 8 The Correlation Between Weather And Covid-19 Pandemic In Africa
Covid-19 Thesis9 Containing The Risks Of Coronavirus Epidemic In Nigeria A Study Of Ncdc
Covid-19 Thesis 10 Public Perception Of Coronavirus Epidemic In The Global Economy
Covid-19 Thesis 11 The Effect Of Convid-19 On Human Body And It’s Environment
Covid-19 Thesis12 Knowledge,Prevalence And Awareness Of Coronavirus Epidemic In Nigeria
Covid-19 Thesis 13 The Impact Of Social Media In A Fight Against Misinformation On Coronavirus Epidemic
Covid-19 Thesis14 Automated Covid-19 Contact Tracing Using Mobile Application
Covid-19 Thesis 15 Automation Of A Secured Covid-19 Pandemic Control With Digital Contact Tracing
Covid-19 Thesis 16 Design And Implementation Of Coronavirus Tracking System For Infected Patience
Covid-19 Thesis17 Automation Of A Secured Covid-19 Pandemic Control With Digital Contact Tracing
Covid-19 Thesis 18 Design And Implementation Of Coronavirus Tracking System For Infected Patience
Covid-1 Thesis 19 Social Consequences Of Covid-19 On The Education Performance Of Social Studies Students
Covid-19 Thesis20 A Semantic Analysis Of Social Media Messages On Covid-19 From March – December 2020
Covid-19 Thesis 21 Effect Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Student’s Academic Performance In English Language
Covid-19 Thesis 22 The Socio-Economic Impact Of Covid-19 Lockdown On Crime Among Nigeria Youths
Covid-19 Thesis23 Perception On The Trend And Patterns Of Youth Criminality As A Result Of Covid-19.
Covid-19 Thesis 24 Impact Of Covid-19 Pandemic Lockdown On Crime Rate Among The Youths In Nigeria
Covid-19 Thesis 25 Application Of Whatsapp In Teaching Economics During Covid-19 Among Secondary School Students:
Covid-19 Thesis26 Impact of covid-19 in Agricultural farm produces
Covid-19 Thesis 27 The Impact Of Covid-19 On Academic Performance Of Primary School Pupils
Covid-19 Thesis 28 Online Entrepreneurship As A Resurgence Strategy Of Post Covid-19
Covid-19 Thesis29 Ebonyi State Health Worker’s Knowledge, Attitude And Perception Towards Covid-19
Covid-19 Thesis 30 Social Consequences Of Covid-19 On The Education Performance Of Social Studies Students
Covid-19 Thesis 31 A Semantic Analysis Of Social Media Messages On Covid-19 From March – December 2020
Covid-19 Thesis32 Effect Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Student’s Academic Performance In English Language
Covid-19 Thesis 33 The Socio-Economic Impact Of Covid-19 Lockdown On Crime Among Nigeria Youths
Covid-19 Thesis 34 Perception On The Trend And Patterns Of Youth Criminality As A Result Of Covid-19.
Covid-19 Thesis35 Impact Of Covid-19 Pandemic Lockdown On Crime Rate Among The Youths In Nigeria
Covid-19 Thesis 35 Application Of Whatsapp In Teaching Economics During Covid-19 Among Secondary School Students:
Endsars Project Topics List Of Endsars Project Topics
Endsars Project Topic1 Assessment Of Police Brutality And Human Right Abuses In Nigeria. A Study Of Endsars Protest
Endsars Project Topics 2 Psychological Effect Of Endsars Protest On Officers Of The Nigeria Police Force
Endsars Project Topics 3 The Role Of Twitter As A Tool For Political Education A Study Of Endsars
Endsars Project Topics 4 The Role Of Mass Media In The Fight Against Police Brutality
Endsars Project Topics 5 Newspapers Coverage Of Endsars Protest In Nigeria. A Study Of Selected Newspaper
Endsars Project Topics 6 The Socio-Economic Effect Of Endsars Protest In Nigeria Economy
Endsars Project Topics 7 The Effect Of Endsars Protest On Small And Medium Scale Scale Enterprise In Nigeria
Endsars Project Topics 8 The Impact Of Hashtag Activism In Nigeria: A Study Of #Endsars Campaign
Endsars Project Topics 9  Socio-Economic Status And Its Impact On Protest Participation In Nigeria. A Study Of Endsars

 

IMPACT OF FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT ON JOURNALISM PRACTICE: A STUDY OF JOURNALISM PRACTICE IN UYO COMMUNITY

Abstract

This project on ― impact of Freedom of Information Act: A study of journalism practices in Uyo community – from January to June, is aimed at finding out how Freedom of Information Act impact positively on the life of practicing journalists in Uyo community. In carrying out the study the researcher used survey design method, while questionnaire was the instrument of the study. Simple tables and percentages were used in analyzing and presenting the data collected. The researcher made some recommendations to  support that Freedom of Information Act encourage investigative journalism, balance reporting, openness and transparency in the decision making process which will improve citizens trust in government action. The researcher also made few numbers of suggestions for further studies which will continue to inform people about the impact this topic (Freedom of Information Act) has on our society. And from the conclusion drawn from the questionnaire tables, it is shown that Freedom of Information Act impact positively on the life of working journalists in Uyo community and strengthens the constitutional guarantee of freedom to receive and impact information and ideas without any hindrance. Again, the respondents proved that Freedom of Information Act empower the professionalism and the ethics of journalism.

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Socio-Economic Status And Its Impact On Protest Participation In Nigeria. A Study of ENDSARS Protest

Abstract

In  recent  years,  protest  activities  happened  frequently  in  Nigeria.  These  protests  have  had  profound consequences and changed the landscape of  Nigerian politics. Therefore, it is important to know who protests  and  the brain  behind these  protest.  This  paper  aims  to  answer  two  questions.  First,  what  kind  of people (according to their Socio-Economic Status, SES) is more likely to participate in protest? Second, how  does  Socio-Economic Status influence  protest  participation with a special references to #EndSars protest in Nigeria?  The  hypotheses for this study  are  drawn  from  grievance  theories, resources  model  and  cultural  change  theory.  We  hypothesize  that  in  Nigeria EndSars protest,  people  with  higher  Socio-Economic Status tend  to  join  and influences others in the  protest.  The  mechanisms  are  material  condition,  civic  skills,  and  the  value  of  post-materialism. Empirically, taking advantage of the World Values Survey 2010−2012, we use confirmatory factor  analysis  to  construct  an  indicator  of  Socio-Economic Status including  education,  income,  and  class.  Then,  we conduct  structural  equation  modeling  to  test  the  mechanisms  through  which  Socio-Economic Status  exerts  influences. We find that in Nigeria, people with higher Socio-Economic Status are more likely to protest and influences the poor to join in the ENDSARS protest as well. Moreover, civic skills are the most important mechanisms. Material condition also has a positive effect. Although the value of post-materialism can  influence protest participation, whether people hold this value is unrelated to their Socio-Economic Status.

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OBSTACLES TO THE UNITED NATIONS AS A COLLECTIVE SECURITY MECHANISM DURING THE IRAQ WAR, 2002-2005

OBSTACLES TO THE UNITED NATIONS AS A COLLECTIVE SECURITY MECHANISM DURING THE IRAQ WAR, 2002-2005

ABSTRACT

This study looks at the obstacles of the UN as a Collective Security mechanism with reference to the 2002-2005 Iraq war. It looks at the concept of collective security as a technical term in the field of international relations and how it contributes to international peace and security. The UN played a role that was totally against its underlying principles because a Collective Security mechanism always prohibits the use of force or in one word war. The study gives a strong discussion on the obstacles that led to the war in Iraq and views on how such can be avoided in the future. The UN used force, an act that is considered antithetical to a Collective Security mechanism. Those obstacles that laid the impetus which later conglomerated and culminated to the UN Iraq war forms the focus of this study

The impact of agricultural extension in poverty reduction

ABSTRACT

The main objective of the study is to examine the impact of agricultural extension in poverty reduction. The study focuses on the incidence of poverty, theoretical background of agriculture extension, and some significant factors that could improve the efficiency of agricultural extension. It is evident that most of the poverty alleviation policies in Nigeria  are directed towards agriculture in rural areas, as vast human resources in Nigeria  are under the plow. To meet the needs of the growing population, Nigeria  needs to adopt new techniques/methods for rapid agricultural development. Besides, this study also prescribes some necessary steps to develop agricultural extension in order to increase agricultural production and eventually to minimize the high level of poverty in Nigeria.

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Measurements of scattered radiation in an x-ray room

Abstract


During the last decades, radiation protection and dosimetry in medical X-ray imaging practice has been extensively studied. The purpose of this study was to measure secondary radiation in a conventional radiographic room, in terms of ambient dose rate equivalent H*(10) and its dependence on the radiographic exposure parameters such as X-ray tube voltage, tube current and distance. With some exceptions, the results indicated that the scattered radiation was uniform in the space around the water cylindrical phantom. The results also showed that the tube voltage and filtration affect the dose rate due to the scatter radiation. Finally, the scattered X-ray energy distribution was experimentally calculated.

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