ROLE OF INTERNAL AUDIT IN BUSSINESS GROWTH (A CASE STUDY OF DIAMOND BANK PLC)

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ABSTRACT

This study is devoted to assessing the role of internal audit an instrument for improving the business growth. The methodology employed include personal interview, written question and library research, various recommendations were made in a bid to improve the business growth via internal audit. The economy today is known to be characterized by incessant frauds, forgeries and mismanagement of public properties. This though a global phenomena, has recorded an outstanding growth in the Nigeria bussiness growth. It outs across all sector of the economy; call for prompt appraised of internal control system is however weighted down by a lot of factors. The inability to reconcile the accounting systems, control system, regularly is more or less a heaven for fraudulent and unscrupulous staff, A problem which the consequences is incompetent manpower shortage. The train of irregularities and mismanagement has got to an extent that insufficient are not made, the economic future will become a menace rather than fortune to the populace. The point therefore is that the internal audit department should be hastily equipped with competent and qualified staff and modern facilities so that internal audit can still play its role in improving the bussiness growth.

CHAPTER ONE/INTORDUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The substance of every economic entity depends on its ability to achieve its goal and objectives management for the achievement of corporate goals. Wither or not management will achievement this goal depends on how strong and reliable the growth of any corporate body largely depends on the effectiveness and efficient of the internal control system.

Therefore management has a duty of or ensuring that a strong and reliable control system exists within the organization for accountability and country.

For accountability within the organization the conduct at audit is mentionable. This is because account prepared by management may not disclose fraud deliberately misleading or failed to confirm to regulations. Therefore the necessary of auditing to cooperative organization cannot be overemphasized as thus will help the safeguard of the assets of the organization by detection and prevention of all kind of misappropriation and fraud within the organization. Over the years business and corporate organizations run into problems of liquidation. Bankruptcy and insolvency as a result of not only economic fact in the business environment but as a result of management in adequate and inefficient to mange. The internal activities of the organization therefore creating room for financial malpractice within the organization. Thus many corporate bodies run into liquidation as a result of fraud and misappropriation of funds (working capital) within the organization. These are funds that are supposed to be used for expansion of business activities.

Thus, auditing as a professional activity is to birch the gaps and lapses of management activities and to repent to the owner of business on the financial position of the business.

According to the American Accounting Association (AAA) committee on basic Auditing concept (1971), auditing and evaluating process of objectively obtaining and evaluating evidence regarding assertions about economic actions and events o ascertain the degree of corresponding between those assertion and establishment to interested users. The Nigeria auditing guidance sees auditing as an independent tax the appointed and or in pursuance of his appointment and in compliance within any relevant statutory obligations.

From the above, it is clear that despite need of auditing by management within the organization, government also requires the account are audit annually before they publisher. However there are two objective of auditing in any corporate entity, the primary and secondary objects, the projective of auditing require the auditor to give report on this opinion on account investigated.

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